How To Make Solar Cell Panels?
Solar energy has recently increased in popularity as a clean alternative to fossil fuels because of its advantages that make it better than other energy sources especially as it is environmentally friendly.
Although making solar panel panels is expensive these days, it does not need maintenance permanently, and is therefore a very good economic option in the long run. Also, partial or total conversion of residential homes into solar energy is not as difficult as we think but requires experience. Here we will learn how to make solar cells and what are their components.
How to make solar cell panels?
The solar cell is the primary unit of the solar panel. This cell converts the photons (light molecules) from the sun’s rays into electrical energy in what is known as the photoelectric phenomenon
The principle of the solar cell’s operation can be summarized in two stages. The first is to collect the light rays absorbed through special surfaces and store them in batteries, and the second is to transfer them to the part of the cell that generates electrical energy.
Solar panel manufacturing process
To create a full-size solar panel – like the type used in solar rooftop solar systems – you’ll need 60 silicon wafers, you can also create smaller panels if your electricity needs are low. Once individual solar cells are purchased (can be purchased online) the construction of a solar panel is made according to the following stages:
- First you need to create the base on which the solar cells will be placed, for this purpose you can make use of any timber slab with a suitable surface area.
- Install each solar cell to the plank separately, so as to facilitate the replacement of any of them if they are damaged.
- After forming the plank and placing the solar cells on top of it, you will now need to connect the cells together with wires.
At this point, you have an effective solar panel that can produce electricity during the day on sunny days. But if you were trying to generate electricity to power electrical appliances at home, you wouldn’t be able to do that without pairing your plate with the inverter that converts the direct current power in the panel to the AC power used in most modern electronic devices.
In the event that you want to use electricity generated by the panel when the electrical current is cut off from the local network, you will need a battery to store electricity in addition to a regulator to be able to control the amount of electricity flowing through the battery. As for being satisfied with the electrical energy generated by your solar panel and dispensing with the local electricity grid, it is a more complicated process that requires a specialist.